The bite or scratch of the animals infected with Rabies virus causes the spread of rabies. If the bite of animals are neglected an accident occur If the animal if infected with rabies virus since, by the time the symptoms appear, it generally becomes too late to save the patient life. A person who is exposed to rabies can be treated effectively if they seek help at once. It is said that in the United States about1 and 3 people contract rabies each year. Development of advance medicine Advances in medicine, consciousness, and immunization programs have reduced the incidence of rabies since the 1970s. But globally it is one of the vital issues. It is found in many reports that thousands of deaths result from rabies each year, generally in rural areas of Southeast Asia and Africa. However mostly Over 95 percent of infections are affected by dogs bites.
Rabies is a viral disease; it is always transmitted by an infected animal bite.
Anyone who receives a bite should seek treatment at once.
Treatment must be given before symptoms appear.
Symptoms of rabies are neurological problems and a fear of light and water.
Vaccination to pets helps s to prevent and control rabies.
It is a viral infection and mostly spreads due to the bite of an infected animal. Rabies virus is an RNA virus. Once get infected with this virus it is very essential to have immediate treatment late in the treatment may become very fatal. This virus can affect the body in one of two ways
By entering directly into the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and migrates to the brain.
By replicating within muscle tissue, where it is safe from the host’s immune system. then it enters the nervous system through the neuromuscular junctions.
So when it gets into the nervous system, it crops acute inflammation of the brain. This may result in Coma or death soon. Two types of rabies are there.
Furious or encephalitic rabies: This occurs in 80 percent of human cases. The patient experience hyperactivity and hydrophobia.
Paralytic or “dumb” rabies: Paralysis is the symptom.
Rabies is very common in countries where street dogs are present in great amounts. Street dogs are very common in Asia and Africa. It is believed that In the U.S. raccoons, coyotes, bats, skunks, and foxes are the animals most likely to spread the virus.
There are five distinct stages of Rabies: incubation, Prodrome, acute neurologic period, coma and death
This is the time before symptoms appear. It generally lasts from 3 to 12 weeks. It can take as little as 5 days or more than 2 years. The effect of the disease depends on the place of the bite near to the brain. The bite nearer to the brain the effect appears sooner. One should not wait for the symptom of rabies since, By the time symptoms appear, rabies is usually becoming fatal.
Prodrome:- In it Early, flu-like symptoms appear which includes:
fever 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, headache, anxiety, feeling unwell, sore throat and a cough, nausea and vomiting, discomfort may occur at the site of the bite These can last from 2 to 10 days, and they worsen over time.
Acute neurologic period like confusion and aggression, partial paralysis, involuntary muscle twitching, and rigid neck muscles, convulsions, hyperventilation and difficulty breathing, hypersalivation or producing a lot of saliva, frothing at the mouth, fear with water or hydrophobia, difficulty swallowing, hallucinations, nightmares, and insomnia, priapism, or permanent erection, in males, photophobia, or a fear of light, At the end of this phase, breathing becomes rapid and inconsistent.
Coma and death: At this stage of coma, death will occur within a matter of hours,
At the time of a bite, there are sometimes no thanks to telling evidently whether or not the associated animal is overzealous, or whether or not it’s passed on associate infection. work tests might show antibodies, however, these might not seem till later within the development of the malady. The virus is also isolated from secretion or through a skin diagnostic assay. However, by the time a designation is confirmed, it’s going to be too late to require action. For this reason, the patient can commonly begin a course of prophylactic treatment directly, while not looking forward to a confirmed designation. If an individual develops symptoms of infectious agent cephalism following the associate animal bite, they ought to be treated as if they will have madness.
If an individual is bitten or scraped by an associate animal that will have madness, or if the associational licks an open wound, the individual ought to now wash any bites and scratches for quarter-hour with saponaceous water, povidone iodine, or detergent. This may minimize the number of infectious agent particles.