What Is Schizophrenia? (UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
Schizophrenia is a kind of mental disorder in which people show abnormal social behavior and could not realize reality. People with Schizophrenia are characterized by disordered thoughts, abnormal behaviors, and anti-social behaviors. Hence the Common symptoms of it are false beliefs, unclear or confused thinking, and hearing voices that others do not, reduced social engagement and emotional expression, and a lack of motivation. People with this mental problem may very likely have anxiety, depressive, or substance-use disorders.UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA
Types of Schizophrenia(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
- Paranoid schizophrenia
- Disorganized schizophrenia
- Catatonic schizophrenia
- Undifferentiated schizophrenia
- Residual schizophrenia
Paranoid Schizophrenia(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
In this type of people shows suspicious behavior. This is distinguished by paranoid behavior, including misunderstandings and hearing illusions. Paranoid behavior is shown by feelings of harassment. Sometimes this performance is related to a famous or significant person, a celebrity or politician, or an entity such as a corporation. People suffering from paranoid-type schizophrenia may show anger, anxiety, and hostility. However, The person generally has a relatively normal intellectual functioning and expression of effect.
Disorganized Schizophrenia(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
In case of disorganized-type of schizophrenia, people may exhibit disorganized or speech that looks bizarre or hard to understand. They used to display inappropriate emotions or reactions that do not relate to the condition at hand. Hence their Daily activities like cleanliness, eating, and working may be disturbed or neglected by their unsystematic thought patterns.
Catatonic Schizophrenia(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
People suffering from catatonic-type of schizophrenia may have Turbulences in movement and they may remain immobile or may move all over the place. They may remain quite for hours or may repeat everything that others do or say. catatonic-type schizophrenia suffering people may be at high risk because of they usually unable to take care of themselves or complete their daily actions.
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
People with Undifferentiated-type of schizophrenia exhibit two or more types of schizophrenia. Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or behavior and catatonic behavior are exhibited by them.
Residual Schizophrenia(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
A person with a past incident of schizophrenia, but now has no symptoms when they could have residual-type schizophrenia.
What Are Causes of Schizophrenia?(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
Schizophrenia has numerous, combined causes which vary from person to person. These are Genetics, Environment, Brain chemistry and History of abuse or neglect
Symptoms of Schizophrenia(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
Schizophrenia suffering people may not be il or may not seem ill. Though, many behavior changes will cause the person to seem that he or she is suffering from some kind of health problem. If someone shows some of these Symptoms then they may be suffering from schizophrenia
- Social withdrawal
- Distrustful feelings or feelings of harassment
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of hygiene
Symptoms of Schizophrenia can also be grouped into categories,(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
- Positive (or Overtly Psychotic) Symptom.
- Affective (or Mood) Symptoms
Affective symptoms related to mood. In this case, the Patients may have an overlapping of depression and may be thought of suicide.
Schizophrenia Diagnosis(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
Schizophrenia Diagnosis is made both by presiding out other medical syndromes that can cause the behavior symptoms (exclusion), and by observation of characteristic symptoms disorder. The doctor may also do
- physical examination
- psychological evaluation,
- Laboratory testing of blood,
- And do imaging scans to crop a complete picture of the patient’s condition.
To identify schizophrenia mental health screening and evaluation is one of the important parts of the diagnosis procedure for schizophrenia. The disorder like bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder, anxiety disorders, severe depression, and substance abuse may simulate the symptoms of schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia Treatment(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
Antipsychotic medications are given to the patients with schizophrenia. To control the symptoms related to schizophrenia the Medications with the combination of other types of drugs are used. In general, antipsychotic medications used are Olanzapine (Zyprexa), Risperidone (Risperdal), Quetiapine (Seroquel), Ziprasidone (Geodon), Aripiprazole (Ability)and Paliperidone (In Vega).
In Schizophrenia the Mood swings and depression are common. The other types of treatments used are Mood stabilizers such as lithium (Lithobid), Depakote, carbamazepine (Tegretol), lamotrigine (Lamictal)
The Antidepressants medicine include fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), paroxetine (Paxil), citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), venlafaxine (Effexor), desvenlafaxine (Pristiq), duloxetine (Cymbalta), bupropion (Wellbutrin)
Psychosocial Interventional Treatment for Schizophrenia(UNDERSTANDING SCHIZOPHRENIA)
- Family psycho-education: This mode of education for the patient suffering from the schizophrenia is very important. The interventions in the treatment of schizophrenia With family members to support patients decrease the deterioration rate of psychotic episodes and improve the person’s consequences. Close, lovely and helping relationships with the patient can be improved the situation of the patient.
- Assertive community treatment (ACT): this form of psychosocial intermediation comprises usage of out-patient support groups. The Support crews should include psychiatrists, nurses, case managers, and other relevant counselors. , they must meet regularly with the schizophrenic patient to reduce the need for hospitalization or improve the patient mental position.
- Substance abuse treatment: Many patients with schizophrenia have substance abuse issues. This issue of patient worsens the behavioral symptoms of schizophrenia. So this has to be addressed with better results.
- Social skills training: Patients with schizophrenia needs to learn how to properly interact in social circumstances. This kind of psychosocial interference includes reviewing or tackling in real-life situations. This kind of training can decrease drug use, and improve relations.
- Supported employment: people with schizophrenia may have trouble in entering or re-joining their work due to their mental condition. So the psychosocial intervention can help people with schizophrenia to join their work or doing any kind of work like construct resumes, interview for jobs, and even joins them with employers eager to hire people with mental illness.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): This type of interference can help patients with schizophrenia change disrupting or negative thought patterns, and enable them to act more optimally. However, this kind of therapy may not work in actively psychotic patients.
- Weight management: antipsychotic and psychiatric drugs can be the reason for weight gain as a side effect. So keeping a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, and proper exercising regularly can prevent or alleviate other medical problems.