PHOBIAS TYPES THEIR SYMPTOMS, CAUSES AND TREATMENT

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PHOBIAS TYPES
The phobia refers to a fear of one particular trigger.

What Is a Phobia?(PHOBIAS TYPES)

The phobia refers to a fear of one particular trigger. Phobia is an anxiety disorder in which people experience thrilling, irrational fear about the situation, living creature, place an object. it is a hyperbolic and irrational fear. It is considered as the mental disorder.  People with this usually try to avoid a situation which makes them fear or what they consider is dangerous. In fact, their imagination thread is greater than any actual threat posed by the cause of terror. So a person may experience strong stress when they face the source of their phobia. This condition may make him doing their work not normally and some time may have a panic attack. In some reports, it is said that around 6 million people in the U.S. are suffering from phobias.  In western countries, it is estimated that around 7-13% who suffers from a phobia.SCHIZOPHRENIA

Phobias facts(PHOBIAS TYPES)


  1. Phobia is more serious than simple fear feelings and is not limited to fears of specific causes.
  2. Cannot control their fair reaction in spite of awareness of their phobia irrational
  3. Phobia Symptoms includes sweating, chest pains, and pins and needles.
  4. Medication and behavioral therapy are the treatment of phobia.
  5. Around 19 million people have a phobia in the United States.

Types of phobia(PHOBIAS TYPES)

American Psychiatric Association (APA) has recognized three types of phobia. These are

  1. Specific phobia:
  2. Social phobia, or social anxiety:
  3. Agoraphobia:

Specific phobias are simple phobias.  It causes is identifiable and it may not occur frequently everyday life of an individual. Hence it does not affect day-to-day living in a significant way. Whereas Social anxiety and agoraphobia are complex phobias. It triggers are less easily recognized. Those who have complex phobias then it’s harder to avoid triggers, like leaving the house or being in a large crowd. So an individual with a phobia can exhibit following symptoms. 

  • uncontrollable anxiety when exposed to the source of fear
  • a sensation which is the source of fear must be avoided at any costs
  • unable to function properly when exposed to the trigger

A person is when experience feelings of panic and intense anxiety when exposed to an item of their phobia then the effects of these feelings can include: sweating, abnormal breathing, confusion and disorientation, nausea, dizziness, headache. In case of younger children, they may cry and become very clingy, or try to hide behind the legs of a parent or an object. They may also throw irritabilities to show their pain.

Complex phobias(PHOBIAS TYPES)

A complex phobia affects person’s comfort than a specific phobia. Such as a person who is suffering from agoraphobia could have a number of other related phobias.  He could have monophobia that is he may fear in loneliness. If he has claustrophobia, then he may feel that he is trapped in closed spaces. With sever agoraphobia a person will rarely leave their home. However, People can develop a phobia of anything.

Types of phobia(PHOBIAS TYPES)

·         Types ·         Symptoms
·         Claustrophobia Fear with constricted, confined spaces
·         Aerophobia ·          Fear of flying
·         Arachnophobia ·          Fear of spiders

 

·         Driving phobia ·         Fear of driving a car

 

·         Eremophobia ·         Fear of vomiting

 

·         Erythrophobia ·          blushing Fear

 

·         Hypochondria

 

·         Fear to become ill

 

·         Zoophobia ·         Fear with  animals

 

·         Aquaphobia ·         Fear with water

 

·         Acrophobia ·         Fear with heights

 

Blood, injury, and injection (BII) phobia:  Fear of injuries involving blood 
·         Escalaphobia ·         Fear of escalators

 

What Are the Causes and Risk Factors for Phobias?(PHOBIAS TYPES)

There are numerous factors which contribute to the development of phobias.  It could be Genes, cultural influences, and traumatic events. People who have a close relative with a phobia have more, maybe three times more chances to suffer from a phobia than those who have not similar family history. People with phobias can manage stress by avoiding items they are afraid of. They may find difficult to minimize the amount of fear or stimulating situations, which highlights the phobia

How Are Phobias Diagnosed?(PHOBIAS TYPES)

A variety of healthcare professionals diagnose by studying the physical and psychological symptoms that a patient show.  Phobias frequently occur together with other anxiety disorders. Anxiety can be a feature of other medical situations or occur as a side effect by the use of certain medications. The determine other to cause the doctors may demand lab tests to discover other potential causes of symptoms.

How Are Phobias Treated?(PHOBIAS TYPES)

  1. Desensitization therapy:- In this way of therapy of phobias the gradual exposing a phobic person in the environment of which makes him or she afraid until the condition or thing no longer produces fear.

 

  1. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT):- This mode of treatment involves examining and changing underlying thoughts and behaviors that contribute to unwanted symptoms. CBT is an effective treatment for phobias. There are three components of CBT
    • Didactic component: in it the professional outlines outlooks for therapy and inspires the patient to cooperate with the treatment.
    • Cognitive component: in it the professional helps the patient to uncover thoughts and assumptions that play a main role in creating phobic behavior.
    • Behavioral component: in this mode of treatment an expert uses teaching the patient behavior-modification techniques to help the patient to face phobic situations effectively.

What Medications Treat Phobias?(PHOBIAS TYPES)

  1. Medications alone or along with another treatment like desensitization therapy or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
  2. Escitalopram (Lexapro), sertraline (Zoloft), fluvoxamine (Luvox), fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), and citalopram (are SSRI).
  3. Medications must be taken with the advice of doctors. Misuse of this medicine can harm people.

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