High Blood pressure, when blood presser remains more or equal to 130/80 for a long time then you may have hypertension. The number can fall or raise according to your activities and level of stress you have. The top level is called systolic is the force in the arteries and the lower level is called diastolic and it represents presser between beats at rest position. When the blood presser level rise above the normal then the heart used to pump harder than it should. And this situation makes more likely to have stork.
|BLOOD PRESSURE CATEGORY||SYSTOLIC mm Hg
|DIASTOLIC mm Hg
|NORMAL||LESS THAN 120||and||LESS THAN 80|
|ELEVATED||120 – 129||and||LESS THAN 80|
|HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
(HYPERTENSION) STAGE 1
|130 – 139||or||80 – 89|
|HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
(HYPERTENSION) STAGE 2
|140 OR HIGHER||or||90 OR HIGHER|
(consult your doctor immediately)
|HIGHER THAN 180||and/or||HIGHER THAN 120|
One having high blood presser may develop coronary heart disease or could have a stroke. The method to know high blood pressure is to measure your blood pressure regularly.It is recommended for the people most of over 40 years must check their blood pressure by experts as a part of their health check to assess their risk of getting cardiovascular disease. High blood pressure or hypertension is the most important risk factor for stroke. It causes about 50 percent of ischemic strokes and also increases the risk of hemorrhagic stroke.
- In case of High blood pressure, the force of the blood against the artery walls become high which ultimately cause health problems.
- The determination of Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood that the heart pumps and the volume of resistance to blood flow in the arteries. The more blood the heart pumps and the narrower your veins, the higher are your blood pressure.
- One can have hypertension (high blood pressure) for a long time without any symptoms. Abandoned high blood pressure raises the risk of serious health problems such as heart attack and stroke.
Type’s High blood pressure.
- Primary hypertension(essential)
Some people may have no recognizable cause of high blood pressure. It tends to grow gradually over many years.
- Secondary hypertension
Some people have high blood pressure due to an underlying condition.
- Kidney problems
- Adrenal gland tumors
- Thyroid problems
- Definite defects in blood vessels by birth (congenital)
- Certain medicines, like birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants.
- Prohibited drugs like cocaine and amphetamines
- chronic alcohol use
- Disruptive sleep apnea
Headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds are some of the common symptoms of blood pressure.
High blood pressure has many risk factors:
- The risk of high blood pressure rises as you grow older. In case of male high blood pressure is more common mostly over early middle age, or about age 45. Generally, Women develop high blood pressure after age 65 most commonly.
- High blood pressure is mainly common amongst blacks. They often blood pressure at an earlier age than whites. Hence stroke, heart attack, and kidney failure are more common in blacks.
- Family history. High blood pressure inclines to run in families.
- Being overweight or obese. Overweighted people need more blood to supply oxygen and nutrients to the tissues
- Not being physically active. Inactive people used to have high heart rates. So higher heart rate causes a heart to work harder with each contraction and so stronger the force on the arteries. Overweight is one of the causes of inactiveness.
- Tobacco taking. Smoking or chewing tobacco raises the blood pressure. At the same time chemicals in tobacco can damage the lining of the artery walls. This causes arteries to narrow and the consequence is that it increasing the blood pressure.Risk factors
- Excess of salt (sodium) in the diet. Excess sodium in the diet can cause retention of fluid in the body which increases blood pressure.
- Too little potassium in your diet. Potassium helps in balancing the amount of sodium in the cells. No enough potassium in the diet or retain enough potassium can cause accumulate excess sodium in the blood.
- Drinking too much alcohol. Over time, heavy drinking can damage your heart. Having more than two drinks a day for men and more than one drink a day for women may affect your blood pressure.
- alcohol consumption: Limited consumption of alcohol that is one or maximum of two drink is ok for the health but more than that can harm the health by raising the blood pressure.
- High stress can lead to increase blood pressure.
- Certain chronic conditions. chronic conditions like diseases kidney disease, diabetes, and sleep apnea may likely increase the risk of high blood pressure
An extreme pressure on artery walls due to high blood pressure can damage blood vessels and organs in the body. The higher your blood pressure uncontrolled for a long time can do greater damage.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to:
- Heart attack or stroke. High blood pressure is one the cause of hardening and thickening of arteries hence it can be a cause of heart attack, stroke or other complications.
- Heart failure. Pumping blood against the higher pressure in vessels, heart muscle thickens. The thickened muscle has a hard time in pumping enough blood to meet body’s needs and consequence could be heart failure.
- Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys. This situation can prevent normal functioning these organs.
- Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes. Vision loss can occur in this case.
- Metabolic syndrome. This syndrome represents a cluster of disorders in the body. such as increase of waist circumference due to high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein, and high insulin levels. This can lead to developing diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
- The trouble with memory or understanding. Unmanaged high blood pressure also affects the ability to think, remember and learn.
What You Can Do
Maintaining the blood presser under control state meaning that he or she is in a safer position not to have a stroke. Here is some of the thing that could keep you in the healthy state.
- Consume less salt, sugar, and saturated fats. (Mostly of meat and poultry). Artificial Tran’s fats found in processed foods which have hydrogenated ingredients. Consume more fiber, fruits, and leafy green vegetables
- Maintain proper weight. big belly compared to the hip size is a sign of too much fat on your body.
- No smoking. Quitting smoking will help to lower your odds of stroke.
- Limit liquor taking. Too much Drinking can raise your blood pressure.
- Regularly Exercise. Do 30 minutes of aerobic activity.
- No stress. constant stress can be one of the causes of stroke or a TIA.