What is hepatitis?(Hepatitis Types)
Hepatitis Types Hepatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the liver. The cause of this is commonly due to the viral infection. There are other possible causes of hepatitis too such as autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. When the body makes antibodies against the liver tissue autoimmune hepatitis disease also used to occur. As it is well known that the liver is situated in the right upper area of the abdomen. It exhibits many critical functions that affect metabolism throughout the body together with:
Bile production, which is important to digestion
Filtering of toxins from the body
Excretion of bilirubin (a product of broken-down red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones, and drugs
Breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
Activation of enzymes, which are specialized proteins essential to body functions
Storage of glycogen, minerals, and vitamins (A, D, E, and K)
Synthesis of blood proteins, such as albumin
Synthesis of clotting factors
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have mentioned that approximately 4.4 million Americans are living with chronic hepatitis B and C. The treatment of this depends on the type of hepatitis. The prevention of this could be through immunizations and safe lifestyle.
The 5 types of viral hepatitis(Hepatitis Types)
There are five types of hepatitis classification namely Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Mostly these are related to the liver infection.
Hepatitis A is considering as an acute disease and remains for the short-term. Whereas hepatitis B, C, and Dare consider as ongoing and chronic one. The Hepatitis E is generally considered as acute and is more dangerous in case of pregnant women.
Hepatitis A(Hepatitis Types)
Hepatitis A: The cause of hepatitis A is caused by an infection with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). People get contaminated with hepatitis A through pullulated food and water or from a person to person who is infected with hepatitis A.
Hepatitis B(Hepatitis Types)
Hepatitis B is communicated through contact with body fluids of an infectious person. These could be blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The risk of infection is higher when someone gets in sex with an infected partner or sharing razors with an infected person. CDC has estimated that around 350 million people worldwide have this chronic disease.
Hepatitis C(Hepatitis Types)
Hepatitis C (HVC) virus is the main source of Hepatitis C. A person gets infected with This disease via direct contact with infected body fluids. These are injection drug use and sexual contact. HCV is among one of the most common blood-borne viral infections in the United States. Some reports on it have revealed that about 2.7.to3.9 million Americans are living with this chronic form of this infection.
Hepatitis D(Hepatitis Types)
It is also called as delta hepatitis, hepatitis D is a severe liver disease produced by the hepatitis D virus (HDV). It is one of the rare forms of hepatitis that occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B infection.
Hepatitis E(Hepatitis Types)
It is one of the waterborne diseases caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV). it is mainly caused by poor sanitation. It results from consumption fecal matter that contaminates the water supply. According to the CDC The, cases of hepatitis E mostly reported in the Middle East, Asia, Central America, and Africa.
Causes of noninfectious hepatitis(Hepatitis Types)
The consumption of Excess alcohol cause liver damage and swelling. This refers to as alcoholic hepatitis. The alcohol injures the cells of the liver. With time, it creates permanent damage of liver and consequence shall be that the liver and cirrhosis. Overuse or overdose of medications and exposure to poisons environment are the other toxic causes of hepatitis include.
Autoimmune system response(Hepatitis Types)
Sometimes immune system mistakes the liver as a harmful object and begins to attack it. It causes ongoing swelling that can range from mild to severe, often hindering liver function. It’s more common in women than in men.
Common symptoms of hepatitis(Hepatitis Types)
People may not feel any symptom of hepatitis B and C in the beginning but people could suffer a lot due to this infection it could have become chronic. The Signs and symptoms of acute hepatitis appear quickly. Weakness, Flu, Dim urine, Light stool, Stomach pain, Loss of hunger, Abrupt weight loss and Yellow skin and eyes could be the signs of jaundice. Chronic hepatitis grows slowly, so these signs and symptoms may be too delicate to notice.
How hepatitis is diagnosed(Hepatitis Types)
- History and physical exam
History of a patient is very helpful to dragonize hepatitis. So the doctor will take patient history to determine the risk factors you may have for infectious or noninfectious hepatitis. Liver size how has to enlarge will check with the doctor. The yellowness of the skin and eye shall be check.
Liver function tests
- Liver function tests: The blood samples will be taken for the test to determine how efficiently your liver works. Abnormal results could be the first sign that there is a problem particularly if you don’t show any signs on a physical exam of liver disease. The high level of liver enzyme indicates that your liver is stressed, damaged, or not functioning properly.
- Other blood tests
If the liver function tests show abnormal, the doctor may likely order other blood tests to identify the source of the problem. These tests can check for the viruses that cause hepatitis. They can also be used to check for antibodies that are common in conditions like autoimmune hepatitis.
An abdominal ultrasound uses to create an image of the organs within your abdomen. This test allows your doctor to take a close at your liver and nearby organs. It can disclose fluid in the abdomen, liver damage or enlargement, liver tumors and abnormalities of your gallbladder
- Liver biopsy
A liver biopsy is an invasive procedure that involves your doctor taking a sample of tissue from your liver. This test allows the doctor to determine how infection or inflammation has affected the liver.
How hepatitis is treated
Treatment depends on the type of hepatitis and acuteness or chronicles of the infection.
- Hepatitis A
Treatment of Hepatitis A usually doesn’t require since it’s a short-term infection. The vaccine is available to prevent the hepatitis A infection. Children are to be vaccinated in between the ages of 12 to 18 months. There is two-dose series of vaccines. The adult dose of Vaccination for hepatitis A is also available in combination with the hepatitis B vaccine.
- Hepatitis B
As Hepatitis A Acute hepatitis B also doesn’t require specific treatment. Antiviral medications
are used for the treatment chronic hepatitis B infection. The Treatment for chronic hepatitis B also requires regular medical evaluations and monitoring in order to determine to identify if the virus is responding to treatment or not. This type of infection is prevented with vaccination. CDC has recommended hepatitis B vaccinations for all babies. A series of three vaccines dose is to be completed over the first six months of childhood. This vaccine is also recommended for all healthcare and medical personnel.
- Hepatitis C
Treatment for the acute and chronic forms of hepatitis C is done by Antiviral medications. Chronic hepatitis C patients are typically treated with the combination of antiviral drug therapies. People who grow cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or liver disease due to chronic hepatitis C may need the liver transplant. The sad thing is that at present time there is no vaccination for hepatitis C.
- Hepatitis D
For the treatment of hepatitis D, there are no antiviral medications at present. According to a study, a drug named alpha interferon only shows improvement in about 25 to 30 percent of people.
It can be prevented by the vaccination for hepatitis B since infection with hepatitis B is necessary for hepatitis D to develop.
- Hepatitis E
No exact medication is available to treat hepatitis E presently. Hepatitis E Infection is often acute so it naturally resolves on its own. People with this infection need to have sufficient rest, should drink an adequate amount of fluids, should eat enough nutrients, and must not take alcohol. Pregnant women who get this infection need close monitoring and care.
Tips to prevent hepatitis
Hepatitis A and E are related to the Hygiene. Good Hygiene habits like consuming safe none polluted water, living clean, well-cooked foods and can help to remain away from Hepatitis A and E to some extent.
- Hepatitis B, C, and D used to occur due to the contaminated blood. Si this Hepatitis can be prevented by Not sharing drug needles, razors, do not use the toothpaste used by other and do not touch spilled blood.
- Hepatitis B and C is transmitted by sexual intercourse and intimate sexual contact. So get away from this thing.
- Vaccines: Get proper vaccination to prevent the development of hepatitis A and B.
Complications of hepatitis
Chronic hepatitis B or C leads to more serious health problems. Since this virus affects the liver, people having chronic hepatitis B or C are at risk for:
- chronic liver disease
- liver cancer
.Types of hepatitis C are (Hepatitis Types)
- acute hepatitis C
- Chronic hepatitis C.
The symptoms of acute hepatitis C are short-term. It lasted for six months or less. acute hepatitis can lead to another type of hepatitis that is chronic hepatitis. Chronic hepatitis can remain for your entire life since it’s very difficult for the body to get rid of chronic hepatitis virus.